Friday, October 24, 2014

'The Hobbit' turns 10: The find that rewrote human history



Posted: 24 Oct 2014 09:42 AM PDT
By Pallab Ghosh Science correspondent, BBC News


The discovery of a tiny species of human 10 years ago has transformed theories of human evolution.
The claim is made by Prof Richard Roberts who was among those to have published details of the "Hobbit".

The early human was thought to have lived as recently as 20,000 years ago and so walked the Earth at the same time as our species.

The Hobbit's discovery confirmed the view that the Earth was once populated by many species of human.

Start Quote

The discovery of a completely different species of human put paid to the cosy status quo in one fell swoop".”
Prof Richard Roberts University of Wollongong, Australia
 
It's a far cry from the old view of a linear progression from knuckle-dragging ape-like creatures to upright modern people.

Prof Roberts says the discovery of a completely different species of human on the Indonesian Island of Flores that lived until relatively recently, "put paid to this cosy status quo in one fell swoop".

There are many puzzles that remain about the Hobbit. The female skeleton was 1m (3ft) high and was a very primitive form of human. Her brain was about the size of a chimpanzee, yet there is evidence that she used stone tools.


Dr Henry Gee, the manuscript editor who decided to publish the paper in the journal Nature, said that it gradually dawned on him just how important the discovery was.

"It is the biggest paper I have been involved with," he told BBC News.

"It surpassed anything else I'd been involved with because it just kept running. People kept on talking about it and it became part of popular culture and a sign of a new view of anthropology. The days of the old linear models of anthropology were gone.

The publication of the discovery on the Indonesian Island of Flores in October 2004, caused a sensation. The news that another species of human walked among us until relatively recently stunned the world.

There were even questions about whether the Hobbit, named Homo floresiensis, still existed somewhere on the island. Perhaps there were other species of humans in other very remote parts of the world yet to be discovered?

The notion that our species, Homo sapiens, was the only species of human on the planet was for the first time in thousands of years in doubt. Perhaps tales of yetis, giants and leprechauns have a basis from our distant evolutionary past.

As it turned out no more fossilised remains of the Hobbit have been unearthed since then, let alone the discovery of creatures from folklore. But those involved in the field are convinced that much more is yet to come, according to Prof Roberts.

"The discovery of the Hobbit has opened up the credible possibility of other undiscovered human species being 'out there', perhaps buried metres underground like the Hobbit, or tucked away in a museum drawer, unrecognised for what it truly is - another new species, but misidentified as an 'unusual' modern human or an earlier species of human well-known to science," he told BBC News.
"I think the discovery of the Hobbit helped create an atmosphere in which it's okay to expect the unexpected, and that we shouldn't get fooled into thinking that we have all the answers, ever."
  The Hobbit's existence on Flores is still a complete mystery. How did it get there? Flores is east of the so-called Wallace Line which demarcates islands that have rarely - if ever - been connected via land bridges to the Asian mainland. So did this early, very primitive species of human have the wherewithal to build boats and sail across the sea?

Many believe that the Hobbit stems from an earlier form of human called Homo erectus which arrived on the island around a million years ago and gradually became smaller over generations through living on an island, where there were scant food resources.

Others believe that its origins are from ape-like creatures which left Africa more than two million years ago. Critics even proposed that the creatures were the remains of seriously ill modern humans. 

Liang Bua cave in Flores Indonesia.The sensational discovery was made in the Liang Bua cave in Flores Indonesia. Are further remains to be found?
 
Prof Roberts told BBC News that the team never seriously thought that they would stumble across a new species of human. The researchers had been looking for the ancestors of the first Aboriginal Australians. At that time, the question of when Australia was first settled by Homo sapiens was hotly contested.

So his reaction to discovering the diminutive partial skeleton, he said, was "a mix of utter puzzlement and extreme excitement".

The research team was convinced that the remains were clearly not those of a modern human - not even one with a medical condition.

Scientists on the discovery of the 'hobbit' in 2004

"I was absolutely mystified. It wasn't the early modern human skeleton we'd been hoping to find, but what was it?

"Something completely new to science as it turned out - but that's the beauty of serendipity. And it also goes to show the value of keeping archaeology 'real' and carrying out excavations, rather than relying on gee-whizz technology and computer modelling to provide all the answers.

"If we'd not done any digging, the world would be none the wiser that this creature had ever inhabited this part of the planet."

More bones of H. floresiensis have been found, but no new skulls as yet. The same team that discovered the Hobbit is continuing excavations in the hope that they will find more clues. And there is still the possibility that there might be remains of similar creatures elsewhere in the region, according to Prof Chris Stringer, of the Natural History Museum in London.

Artist's impression of the Hobbit 
Artist's impression of the Hobbit - a small brain but able to use stone tools. One of the big outstanding questions is how did they get to Flores?
 
"There is the possibility that the experiment that produced the Hobbit could have produced similar experiments on other islands in the region, in Sulawesi, the Philippines and Timor and are awaiting discovery.

The scientific priority now for the group is to build up a picture of how the species was distributed, when it first arrived on Flores and when and why it finally went extinct.

"There's still much for us to learn about the Hobbit", explains Prof Roberts. "How its eccentric anatomical features came to be so, and whether Hobbits ever encountered early modern humans dispersing across Asia and south to Australia. Which is why, 10 years down the Hobbit track, it still feels like the journey of discovery has only just begun".


http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-29665829

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Boyd Bushman - His Last Interview: A Documentary on Area 51 and UFO's over Tucson, Arizona



Posted: 24 Oct 2014 09:34 AM PDT
Shortly before Boyd Bushman passed away on August 7, 2014, he was video recorded candidly speaking about his personal experiences with Area 51, UFOs, aliens and anti-gravity ideas. Boyd was a retired Senior Scientist

for Lockheed Martin. His career spanned over forty years, was awarded many patents, and included work with defense contractors Hughes Aircraft, General Dynamics, Texas Instruments, and Lockheed Martin.


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Neanderthals and Humans First Mated 50,000 Years Ago, DNA Reveals




Posted: 24 Oct 2014 09:37 AM PDT


The DNA from the 45,000-year-old bone of a man from Siberia is helping to pinpoint when modern humans and Neanderthals first interbred, researchers say.

Although modern humans are the only surviving human lineage, others once lived on Earth. The closest extinct relatives of modern humans were the Neanderthals, who lived in Europe and Asia until they went extinct about 40,000 years ago. Recent findings revealed that Neanderthals interbred with ancestors of modern humans when modern humans began spreading out of Africa — 1.5 to 2.1 percent of the DNA of anyone living outside Africa today is Neanderthal in origin.


It remains uncertain when interbreeding between modern humans and Neanderthals occurred. Previous estimates of these events ranged from 37,000 to 86,000 years ago.

To help solve this mystery, scientists analyzed the shaft of a thighbone found by an artist and mammoth ivory collector, Nikolai Peristov, on the left bank of the river Irtysh near the settlement of Ust’-Ishim in western Siberia in 2008. They calculated the age of the man’s bone to be about 45,000 years old.

"This is the earliest directly dated modern human outside of Africa and the Middle East, and the oldest modern human [genome] to have been sequenced," study co-author Janet Kelso, a computational biologist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, told Live Science.

Previously, scientists had suggested modern humans colonized Asia first by traveling a more southern, coastal route that gave rise to the present-day people of Oceania, while a later, more northern migration, gave rise to mainland Asians. The fact the researchers find direct evidence for the presence of a modern human in Siberia 45,000 years ago "indicates that early modern human migrations into Eurasia were not solely via a southern route as has been previously suggested," Kelso said.


Study researcher Svante Pääbo examines a 45,000-year-old femur from a Siberian man that is helping scientists pinpoint when Neanderthals and modern humans interbred.<

Analysis of the carbon and nitrogen isotopes in his bones suggest the man ate so-called C3 plants that dominate cooler, wetter, cloudier regions — examples of which include garlic, eggplants, pears, beans and wheat — as well as animals that also dined on C3 plants. However, this analysis also revealed he may have eaten aquatic foods, probably freshwater fish, something seen in other humans from Europe of about the same time.

Genetic analysis of DNA from the bone revealed this man was equally closely related to present-day Asians and to early Europeans. "From this we conclude that the population to which the Ust’-Ishim individual belonged diverged from the ancestors of present-day Europeans and Asians before, or at around the same time as, these groups diverged from one another," Kelso said.

The scientists also found this man carried a similar level of Neanderthal ancestry as present-day Eurasians. Their research suggests Neanderthal genes flowed into the ancestors of this man 7,000 to 13,000 years before he lived.

These findings suggest modern humans and Neanderthals interbred approximately 50,000 to 60,000 years ago, "which is close to the time of the major expansion of modern humans out of Africa and the Middle East," Kelso said.

Future research may strive to sequence the genomes "from even older human remains," Kelso said. "We are also really interested in what functional implications the Neanderthal DNA in present-day people might have had in the adaptation of present-day humans to their new environments."

The scientists detailed their findings in the Oct. 23 issue of the journal Nature.

Source: Live Science

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China launches new World Bank rival




Posted: 24 Oct 2014 08:25 AM PDT

Published time: October 24, 2014 12:09 


China and India are backing a 21 country $100 billion Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) to challenge to the World Bank and Asian Development Bank.

Memorandum of understanding were signed with 21 Asian countries in Beijing Friday. Australia, Indonesia and South Korea were absent following hidden pressure from Washington. 
The development bank was proposed a year ago by Chinese President Xi Jinping, and is to offer financing for infrastructure projects in underdeveloped Asian countries.

Headquartered in Beijing, former chairman of the China International Capital Corp investment bank Jim Liqun, is expected to take a leading role.

The bank will initially be capitalized with $50 billion, most of it contributed by China. The country is planning to increase authorized capital to $100 billion. With that amount the AIIB would be two-thirds the size of the $175 billion Asian Development Bank.


India will be the second largest bank shareholder though Kuwait, Qatar, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Nepal, Oman, and all the countries of the Association of Southeast Asia, except Indonesia are involved.

Australia, Indonesia and South Korea did not participate following US claims of ‘concerns’ about a rival to Western-dominated multilateral lenders.

Japan, China's main rival in Asia, which dominates the Asian Development Bank along with the United States, did not attend but had not been expected to do so.

Indonesia refused to participate claiming it needs time to discuss China’s proposal.

The Australian Financial Review said US Secretary of State John Kerry had personally asked Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott to “steer clear” from joining AIIB.

"Australia has been under pressure from the US for some time to not become a founding member of the bank and it is understood Mr. Kerry put the case directly to the prime minister when the pair met in Jakarta on Monday following the inauguration of Indonesian President Joko Widodo," the paper said.

South Korea, one of America’s closest allies in Asia, is alse prevaricating. Its finance ministry said it spoke with China to request more time to consider details such as the AIIB's governance and operational principles.

US officials have said they do not want to support an initiative Washington thinks is unlikely to promote good environmental, procurement and human rights standards in the way the World Bank and ADB are required to do.

But Chinese officials are convinced the American opposition is an attempt to contain the global rise of China and its ambition to remain the dominant power in Asia.

“You could think of this as a basketball game in which the US wants to set the duration of the game, the size of the court, the height of the basket and everything else to suit itself,” Wei Jianguo, a former Chinese commerce minister, told the Financial Times.

Matthew Goodman, scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington DC believes the initiatives of a BRICS Bank and AIIB“represent the first serious institutional challenge to the global economic order.”
 
Chinese Finance Minister Lou Jiwei said the AIIB will set high standards, safeguard policies and improve on bureaucratic, unrealistic and irrelevant policies, according to the Xinhua news agency.

http://rt.com/business/198928-china-world-bank-rival/ 


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Your way is not another’s




Your way is not another’s, their way is not yours. Rather than ‘forcing’ your way, honor them and their way. It may not be returned, but that is of no matter. You have done what is best for your soul, your way. ~ Creator

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WORLD WIDE CURRENCY RESET WILL HAPPEN SOON.



WORLD WIDE CURRENCY RESET WILL HAPPEN SOON.



The most noteworthy data that comes in from Ben’s own sources on this subject appears to be here:

A Chinese government source was unable to confirm that a deal had been reached. Nonetheless, he did note that China, Indonesia and Japan had been printing dollars of their own under the old regime but that all new creation of dollars world-wide will stop in October.

This implies that any new currency issued internationally will be something other than dollars; most likely a basket of currencies centered on the Chinese yuan.”

If a Chinese source is saying that “all new creation of dollars world-wide will stop in October,” that is significant.

It is also possible that the opposition groups to such a Federal Reserve change-over would deliberately muck it up with Dinar talk to de-legitimize the whole thing. A small group of people would believe it and everyone else would think it was a hoax.

I feel Ben needs to clarify how much of this came from sources of his own, independently of Keenan’s announcement, before we can see this as anything other than another unsubstantiated rumor.

- David Wilcock
wisdomteachings.com
divinecosmos.com

Comment by dwilcock on October 20, 2014 @ 10:39 pm

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One last thing.

There is some interesting chatter that suggests MAYBE this could be real.

1. One of my top sources did say about 3 weeks ago that there were plans for a deal that would return control to the US Treasury and out-source the Fed. He framed this as a very positive event. He said it would take a lot of work but it was doable. I haven’t been able to get in touch with him since then.

2. I do know that Neil has put himself on “lockdown” and isn’t speaking very much about any of what he is hearing. This may be by design.

3. I do also know that Drake leaked information he got from private conversations with Neil, and essentially said that the mass arrest scenario was going to play out soon.

4. I did call Drake and Neil after hearing Drake’s announcement and confirmed that everything Drake was saying had come from Neil.

5. Karen Hudes has also announced recently that “the US military is going to take back the government” soon.

None of this is definitive by any means, but it is interesting chatter. We also have the “2014″ cube added into the Georgia Guidestones, which I’ve now worked into my latest upcoming Wisdom Teachings episodes and will be mentioning in the next update. That strongly suggests that major events are expected to occur this year, and we’re already heading into only two months left for 2014.

I will definitely be checking around and seeing if I can find out anything more substantial, including whether I can get that insider to confirm any further details from what I heard three weeks ago.

- David Wilcock
wisdomteachings.com
divinecosmos.com

Comment by dwilcock on October 20, 2014 @ 10:52 pm

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One thing I will definitely say in conclusion is that things are red-hot right now in terms of the sense of urgency… and the degree to which the Cabal is pushing for a last-minute “Hail Mary Pass.”

Everything we are seeing suggests extreme desperation and a very tangible “deadline” that is known and is causing concern.

There has also been ongoing benevolent ET disruption of any large-scale Cabal plans to wreak havoc.

This benevolent disruption works so well that I have had no concern over a widespread distribution of Ebola whatsoever.

Frankly, it is amazing that the Cabal continues to do what they do, considering it is impossible for them to win this.

Rumors are rumors, and in the past I’ve heard things that sounded far more compelling and imminent than this latest burst of chatter.

I personally have yet to hear anything that sounds definitive enough to make me really stand and take notice. Even Ben ended up saying that this change might not be visible until next Spring.
So, let the buyer beware. If anything more definitive comes in I will certainly be passing it along.

- David Wilcock
wisdomteachings.com
divinecosmos.com

Comment by dwilcock on October 20, 2014 @ 11:05 pm



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David Wilcock Update - Dinar, Arrests, Neil Keenan, Ebola, Drake, Cabal - October 20, 2014 *** BREAKING NEWS***



David Wilcock Update - Dinar, Arrests, Neil Keenan, Ebola, Drake, Cabal - October 20, 2014


Posted: 21 Oct 2014 05:43 PM PDT


I am having a hard time believing this. Neil passed along similar information earlier this week, which may be where Ben got it from, but he said, quote,

[2:28:08 PM] Neil Keenan: Listen I am not sure if this is true or not but I believe not and I bring it to you so you know what it is like to wait for the rightful answer in its entirety…..
I will know for sure later but for now this is what I have received and I doubt if true but you never know.I know some of the names and some are and some are not real players and have been involved in things off color over the years.

DW: So he said “I am not sure if this is true or not but I believe not… I doubt if true… Some of the names… are not real players and have been involved in things off color.”

Then it goes on with the following, starting on Thursday the 16th, coming to a head on Friday the 17th, as Ben was indicating above:

1. At 2 pm Obama signed with the Chinese, bankrupting the Federal Reserve and the Federal Reserve is being swallowed up by the UST under new leadership.

2. At 6 PM PST, Robert Won is going to go in and sign over the gold.

3. At Midnight EST the Organic Act of 1871 is repealed and the US Corporation is NO MORE. Long live the REPUBLIC OF THE UNITED STATES, ONE NATION UNDER GOD WE TRUST!

4. At Midnight PST, “the Admiral” goes in.

5. At midnight PST, IRAQ goes in to include the REINSTATEMENT rate of 3.58 internationally  
   and with a $6 – 8.00 US rate, to gather in IQD for oil credits.

6. General Ham is taking over the US Government and Commander Fairfield is taking over the Treasury.

[2:28:31 PM] Neil Keenan: I will let you know asap…..

DW: This sounds a lot like the Nesara / Dinarian / RV talk, which seems to always have been a Cabal psy-op to rook people out of their money by selling
         worthless Iraqi Dinars and making people believe they will be worth much more.

This was unlikely to ever be the case, for reasons several insiders have explained to me.

Therefore I am extremely skeptical about this. I will read the rest of the article now but right away I would say this is far too shaky to be treated as a true announcement. I also did not get any Skype text from Neil confirming its validity either.

- David






Comment by dwilcock on October 20, 2014 @ 10:12 pm


OK. I have now read the whole thing.

I definitely can buy the idea that ISIS was a negotiating tactic to shut off the flow of Middle Eastern oil and Ebola was a tactic to lock the borders of the US.

It sounds very plausible to me that this was used as a last-minute negotiation strategy.
I do also think it has not had the desired effect. After a long absence (I’ve been working basically non-stop for two months now and it’s finally quieting down) I am going to be updating my website.

Here’s one of the things I will link to about how even at “Ebola Ground Zero”, life goes on:


People all over America are worried about contracting Ebola, but here’s one place where everyone isn’t panicked: Dallas, Texas.

More specifically, residents are surprisingly calm in the neighborhoods surrounding Texas Presbyterian Hospital, the so-called ground zero of Ebola in the U.S. where Thomas Duncan died and two nurses later became infected.

What’s going on?

The scene at The Bend in the Village — the apartment complex of nurse Amber Vinson, who was diagnosed with Ebola this week — was especially relaxed Thursday. On the complex’s park-like campus people exercised under leafy trees, moms chatted on cellphones as they pushed babies in strollers, and one man was slacklining.

Each front door displayed an Ebola warning flyer that fluttered in the wind, but everyone who spoke with BuzzFeed News seemed mostly unfazed.

“I’ve seen indifference on one side and mild concern on the other side,” said Jordan Malouf, who like many at the complex was alerted to the situation early Wednesday via a text message from apartment managers.

Malouf’s apartment lies just minutes from Vinson’s, and his office is a stone’s throw from Texas Presbyterian, but he and his wife haven’t made any changes, nor do they plan to. Malouf is still going into the office, going to the gym, shopping for groceries, and doing everything else according to routine. “I personally am not too worried about it,” he added. “The worst I’ve seen is a guy who won’t shake hands.”

And that was pretty typical for the area. Stewart Owens was lying out on an expansive lawn Thursday reading V-Wars — a book he laughingly explained as “about a virus that sweeps America and turns people into Vampires” — but said he hadn’t really noticed anyone changing their daily routines.

Jackie Callanen, a retiree who saw the hazmat trucks Thursday, also was undeterred and said the area was still ideal for walking. And Kris Berry recalled waking up to news helicopters hovering overhead, but said he was still “rocking business as usual.”

More than half a dozen other people made similar comments to BuzzFeed News.

DW: My entire schedule has been booked for the last two months as I now have generated a wide variety of interviews for my upcoming new show on Gaiam TV. Now it all needs to be edited together, but if everything was made into individual episodes, there are now 43 of them. So it’s been very busy.

During this entire time, right up to a few days ago, I’ve had a variety of flights. Not one person has been seen wearing a face mask. Not one person acted in any way different. Not one person was overheard saying anything about Ebola to anyone.

The Powers that Were simply can’t milk fear out of the public anymore. The whole thing is a farce. It is very obvious that the media is higher than a kite off of this, and their sugar-high can only last so long before they get the deep crash.

So again, while this news would be nice, as soon as we hear that the dinar will go up, that’s a red alert that this is not what we’ve been waiting for.

I will try to find out more and work that into whatever I write now that I finally have some down-time!

- David Wilcock
wisdomteachings.com
divinecosmos.com

Comment by dwilcock on October 20, 2014 @ 10:25 pm

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